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Model Description

The information of 14 climate models participating in APCC MME forecast is listed below. The information can be changed if the corresponding operational model is modified.

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 1. Forecast System:


Korea, APCC

System name

SCoPS (Seamless Coupled Prediction System)

First operational forecast run from APCC

Nov, 2017 (for 2017DJFMAM)

 2. Model Description:


 Atmospheric model and resolution(top)


 T159L31 (10hPa)

 Roeckner et al. 2003

 Ocean model and resolution


 0.3-0.5 x 1.0 deg, L40

 Smith and Gent 2002

 Land surface model and resolution



 Roeckner et al. 2003

 Sea-ice model and resolution



 Hunke and Lipscomb 2010

 3. Initial / Boundary Condition:



 Atmospheric initial conditions

 3D nudging CFSR

 3D nudging CFSR

 Land surface initial conditions



 Soil moisture initial conditions



 Snow initial conditions



 Ocean initial conditions



 Sea-Ice initial conditions



 SST boundary conditions (if tier-2)



 4. Data Specification from APCC:



 Initial conditions for forecast and hindcast

 1st and 5th of the month

 1st and 5th of the month​

 Ensemble size for forecast and hindcast

 10 members

 10 members

 Hindcast period(fixed or on-the-fly?)


 Forecast frequency and range(lead time)

 6 months(1-6 month lead time*)

 Spatial resolution

 2.5° x 2.5°

 List of parameter for APCC

 prec, slp, sst, t2m, t850, u200, u850, v200, v850, z500

 5. More information

 URL or Main reference

 Ham et al. (2019) Correction to: A newly developed APCC SCoPS and its prediction of East Asia seasonal climate variability, Clim Dyn, 53, 3703-3704.​

 Focal point(name/e-mail)

 Dr. Yoo-Bin Yhang (​


 * The length of time between issuance of a forecast and the occurrence of the phenomena that were predicted

   e.g. 2019 JJASON (1-6 month lead time) means 6 month forecast issued on May 2019​.​ 

APCC: APEC Climate Center
BCC: Beijing Climate Center
BOM: Bureau of Meteorology
CMCC: Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici
CWB: Central Weather Bureau
HMC: Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia
JMA: Japan Meteorological Agency
KMA: Korea Meteorological Administration
MSC: Meteorological Service of Canada
MGO: Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory
NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCEP: National Centers for Environmental Prediction
PNU: Pusan National University
UKMO: United Kingdom Met Office